Bad Credit Home Loan with Credit Scores As Low As 500
FHA (Federal Housing Administration) loans allow borrowers to have just a 500 credit score or higher to qualify. In this article you will learn about bad credit home loan programs and how to get approved despite having imperfect credit.
FHA loans allow for poor credit scores as low as 500 with 10% down and 580 score with 3.5% down.
An FHA loan is a mortgage that’s insured by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA). They are popular especially among first time home buyers because they allow down payments of 3.5% for credit scores of 580+. However, borrowers must pay mortgage insurance premiums, which protects the lender if a borrower defaults.
Compensating Factors for Bad Credit If you have a poor credit rating then you will need to show some compensating factors that help make up for it. You will also need to show a financial hardship was the reason you fell behind on your monthly bills and you have since recovered and have re-established credit.
Large downpayment(10 down or more)
Low debt-to-income ration
No outstanding debt
Large amount of cash reserves
Significant amount of time with current employer
Paying comparable rent payments -No payment shock
First Time Homebuyer with Poor Credit
FHA loans have become a very popular mortgage for first time homebuyers because of their low credit and down payment requirements. This also makes them easier to qualify for than a conventional loan.
FHA loans also allow gift funds for the down payment. 100% of the down payment can be a gift from a friend or family member. first time buyers may be able to buy a home with no down payment if you qualify for any homebuyer program.
There are various first time homebuyer grants and down payment assistant programs on the HUD website.
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- Higher down payment: Each loan program has a minimum down payment. You can put down more, though. A higher down payment means you have more “skin in the game.” In other words, you have more invested. Lenders believe this helps lower your risk of default.
- Reserves on hand: This is money you have set aside in a liquid account. It shows lenders you can pay your mortgage even if your income suddenly stopped. They measure reserves by the number of mortgage payments it covers. For example, a $5,000 savings account would cover 5 months of a $1,000 mortgage.
- Low debt ratio: Loan programs also have maximum debt ratio allowances. If your ratio is well below the maximum, it can work in your favor. It shows lenders you make smart financial choices.
First-time homebuyers already have a disadvantage – they’ve never owned a home before. Lenders don’t know if you can handle large housing payments. No housing history along with bad credit doesn’t sit well with lenders.
What can first-time homebuyers do? Here are a few options:
- Save money. As we discussed above, the higher your down payment, the lower your risk. Many first-time homebuyer programs offer little or no down payment. If you have bad credit, though, you already pose a risk. Instead, offer a higher down payment. Aim for 10% or more. This shows financial responsibility despite your credit score.
A higher down payment may also qualify you for a lower interest rate, depending on your lender and the type of loan you apply for.
- Get a co-signer. A co-signer may boost your purchase power. Co-signing doesn’t mean living in the home. A co-signer can be a “non-occupant co-borrower.” Government and conventional programs allow a co-signer. Most programs don’t put the non-occupant borrower on the title.
- Establish a positive rent history. You can demonstrate a positive housing history without a mortgage. If you moved out on your own and pay rent, this may count. Lenders often verify the last 12-24 months of your housing history. They’ll ask for a Verification of Rent from your landlord. They may also ask for canceled rent checks for the last 12 months. This helps them verify your timely housing payments.
Let’s say you have both bad credit and no down payment to offer. What lender would ever approve this type of situation?
It seems risky but lenders do have loans that cover this type of borrower – with some help from the government. The FHA, VA, and USDA each have a loan program. These agencies don’t fund the loans. Instead, they guarantee them. Agencies pay lenders back for defaulted loans. The appropriate agency then takes possession of the home.
The three government-backed options are as follows:
- USDA: The USDA loan offers 100% financing for rural properties. This doesn’t mean out in the middle of nowhere. The USDA sets the boundaries, many of which are right outside the city limits. Borrowers with little income do well with this loan. You can make too much money and not qualify. View the income guidelines for your area to see if you may qualify.
- VA: Veterans of the military can obtain 100% financing with flexible credit guidelines. There aren’t any property location restrictions. You must prove you served enough time and can afford the housing payment. You can borrow as much as your area’s loan limit.
- FHA (with a gift): FHA loans require a 3.5% down payment. 100% of the down payment can be a gift, though. Relatives, employers, and non-profit organizations may gift you the money. You can then utilize the flexible underwriting guidelines of the FHA program.
There are even more options if you have down payment funds. We discuss them below.
- The Baltimore Community Development Grantgives $5,000 to first-time homebuyers. Single parents can use the funds for the down payment or closing costs. Your income may not exceed 80% of the median income for the area.
- First Home Illinois is a mortgage and down payment assistance program. You may receive up to a $7,500 grant along with a 30-year fixed mortgage. The program is for first-time homebuyers. But, if you haven’t owned a home in 3 years, you qualify as such. The most you must contribute equals the greater of 1% of the purchase price or $1,000.
- Habitat for Humanity homes are available throughout the United States. Their mission is to provide safe housing for those unable to afford it. The homes offered vary by community and need. Single parents who qualify may exchange sweat equity for a home. Single parents don’t have to build the home. They can help the community in other ways. In addition, most homes require an affordable mortgage. The funds help Habitat for Humanity stay operable.
- Teachers: Several programs exist to help teachers become homeowners. Many teachers don’t live within the community they teach because of the cost. These programs help with grants and affordable financing options.
- Good Neighbors Next Door: This program helps leaders in the community. Teachers, along with firefighters and police, qualify. Qualified professionals can purchase a HUD home for 50% of the asking price. These HUD homes are located in an area with high foreclosure rates. As a part of the deal, teachers must live in the home for 3 years.
- Extra Credit Teacher Home Purchase Program: Teachers in California can take advantage of this CalHFA program. Only first-time homebuyers qualify. Borrowers must currently work in a California school. They also must purchase a single-family home. Borrowers must undergo housing counseling. CalHFA does not fund the loans. Private lenders underwrite and fund them.
- Credit Union options: If your school offers a credit union, take advantage of the benefits. Credit unions often have favorable home financing options. They often have low interest rates and fees. They also have flexible underwriting guidelines.
As you can see, you have options even with bad credit. Before you jump in and apply, though, consider these tips:
- Explain your case: Lenders want an explanation for your bad credit. They may ask for a Letter of Explanation. In the letter, state the reasons why you have a poor credit history. Provide as much detail as possible. For example, if you fell ill and were unable to work, state the dates and facts. It helps if you provide documentation proving your case as well.
- Work on your credit: Once you are back on your feet, work on improving your credit. This won’t happen overnight. Consistently make your payments on time. Don’t overuse your available credit, though. If you must re-establish new credit, open one account at a time. If you have accounts you no longer use, keep them open. Older accounts help your credit score increase.
- Shop around: Don’t fall for the first lender who qualifies you for a loan. No matter how relieved you feel, shop around. Do your homework. Different lenders have different programs. Even two lenders offering the same FHA loan may charge different fees and rates. Getting mortgage information is very important to decide which loan is best for you. Shop with at least three lenders to see what is available to you. This way, you can make an informed decision.
You may find that it is easier to qualify for a fixed rate mortgage rather than an adjustable rate mortgage (ARM). The adjustable rate will begin with one rate for the first year, and then change through the life of the mortgage, subject to what mortgage rates are doing at the time. ARMs are tied to an index rate, usually the LIBOR. There is a risk for buyers who have low credit and are higher risks, since they may not be able to afford the new payment if it increases after the introductory period.